Week Four: Safe and Healthy - Hypothermia and Frostbite
When exposed to cold temperatures, your body begins to lose heat faster than it can be produced. Prolonged exposure to cold will eventually use up your body's stored energy. The result is hypothermia, or abnormally low body temperature.
Victims of hypothermia are often:
Warning signs of hypothermia in adults:
Warning signs of hypothermia in infants:
What to do
If you notice any of these signs, take the person's temperature. If it is below 95°, the situation is an emergency - get medical attention immediately.
Learn More: http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/winter/staysafe/hypothermia.asp
Frostbite is an injury to the body that is caused by freezing. Frostbite causes a loss of feeling and color in affected areas. It most often affects the nose, ears, cheeks, chin, fingers or toes. Frostbite can permanently damage the body, and severe cases can lead to amputation. The risk of frostbite is increased in people with reduced blood circulation and among people who are not dressed properly for extremely cold temperatures.
At the first signs of redness or pain in any skin area, get out of the cold or protect any exposed skin - frostbite may be beginning. Any of the following signs may indicate frostbite:
What to Do
If you detect symptoms of frostbite, seek medical care.
Learn more: http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/winter/staysafe/frostbite.asp
For additional information on Extreme Cold and Personal Health and Safety Tips visit: http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/winter/pdf/extreme-cold-guide.pdf
For more information on emergency preparedness, visit the "Be Prepared" section of our website. You can also visit FEMA's Ready campaign website - www.ready.gov